Judicial systems are at the center of an endless debate on access to justice, timeliness of dispositions, quality of decisions, treatment of parties and people involved, use of public funds, and the resulting level of trust of citizens and users. Often, efficiency and quality of justice are presented in contrast, but quality justice cannot be inefficient. Efficiency and effectiveness, independence, impartiality and equality before the law, consistency and comprehensibility of judgments, and fairness for the people involved in any role in the proceedings are all values and principles that should guide the functioning of judicial systems.
Then, analysis and evaluation of justice at an organizational and individual level become essential to understand if and how judges and prosecutors, judicial and prosecution offices manage justice in compliance with its founding values and principles.
Therefore, this study area aims to identify approaches, analysis, and evaluation tools capable of considering the rich spectrum of values and principles that characterize the structure and functioning of judicial systems to promote policies capable of improving the quality of justice as a whole, putting the citizen-users at the center.